Chatbot-Anwalt hilft bei Asyl-Anträgen

Im vergangenen Sommer programmierte ein 19jähriger Stanford-Student einen Chatbot-Anwalt, mit dessen Hilfe rund 250.000 Strafzettel angefochten wurden, wovon nicht weniger als 160.000 Verfahren gewonnen wurden. Nun hat er dem Bot beigebracht, wie Flüchtende an den Grenzen von England, Kanada und den USA am besten ihre Asyl-Anträge stellen. Dazu hat er mit Anwälten in allen drei Ländern und mit erfolgreichen Asylbewerbern gesprochen, um die Funktionalität zu optimieren.

The chatbot works by asking the user a series of questions, in order to determine which application the refugee needs to fill out and whether a refugee is eligible for asylum protection under international law.

After this, it takes down the necessary details required for the appropriate asylum application – an I-589 for the United States or a Canadian Asylum Application for Canada. Those in the UK are told they need to apply in person, and the bot helps fill out an ASF1 form for asylum support. Browder says it was crucial the questions were in plain English. “The language in these forms can be quite complicated,” he said.

These details are used to auto-fill an application form for either the US, Canada or the UK. “Once the form is sent off, the details are deleted from my end,” said Browder. The 20-year-old chose Facebook Messenger as a home for the latest incarnation of his robot lawyer because of accessibility. “It works with almost every device, making it accessible to over a billion people,” he said.