RechtsLinks 17.2.2017: Fuckopoulos at Maher, PewDiePie is a racist SuperNazi from hell, Trump is 4chan


Pic: Lie Lie Land von Bambi

First things first: Milo Fuckopoulos ist heute abend bei Bill Maher: „Yiannopoulos will be interviewed in-studio by Maher. Asked about the possibility of additional security, an HBO spokesperson said, 'The series shoots on a secure lot, but as with other weeks, an appropriate amount of security will be on hand.'“

Es gibt natürlich bereits den ersten mittelinteressanten Deklat dazu: TheIntercept-Autor und -Mitgründer Jeremy Scahill hat seinen Auftritt während der Sendung abgesagt mit der Begründung:

Maher is having none of it:

My comments on Islam have never veered into vitriol. Liberals will continue to lose elections as long as they follow the example of people like Mr. Scahill who’s[sic] views veer into fantasy and away from bedrock liberal principles like equality of women, respect for minorities, separation of religion and state, and free speech. If Mr. Yiannopoulos is indeed the monster Scahill claims – and he might be – nothing could serve the liberal cause better than having him exposed on Friday night.

Ich bin da komplett bei Maher tbh. Ich bin zwar dafür, Milos Auftritte in Bildungseinrichtungen zu verhindern, halte einen Auftritt in einer TV-Sendung, die ohnehin für ihre Streitlustigkeit bekannt ist und die bereits viele rechte Stimmen zu Gast hatte und die danach mal mehr, mal weniger beknackt aussahen, für einen völlig anders gelagerten Sachverhalt. Wenn man sich mit den Aussagen von Fuckopoulos vertraut macht, merkt man sehr schnell, dass der a) wissenschaftliche Studien nur oberflächlich interpretiert und b) mit seinen fundamental-rassistischen Aussagen zum Islam noch weit über das Maß hinausgeht, das man als „islamophob“ bezeichnen könnte (ein Label, das sich Maher gezielt selbst verleiht).

Ich gehe daher davon aus, dass Maher den Milo ziemlich zerpflücken wird und Scahills Rückzug halte ich in diesem Kontext für unklug. Aber gut, morgen wissen wir mehr.


PewDiePie war laut Wired schon immer „kinda“ rassistisch und hat Nazi-Fans:

Die Headline haben sie dann nachträglich geändert und nun steht da „PewDiePie’s Fall Shows the Limits of ‘LOL JK’“.

Anlass war ein Hitpiece des Wall Street Journals, die in hunderten Videos neun Stellen gefunden hatten, in denen er antisemitische Jokes und Nazi-Pics und/oder Kostüme getragen hatte: Disney Severs Ties With YouTube Star PewDiePie After Anti-Semitic Posts – Move came after the Journal asked about videos in which he included anti-Semitic jokes or Nazi imagery (Paywall).

PewDiePie: My Response:

Okay then. Ich hatte mich darüber gestern morgen mit ’nem Kumpel auf FB unterhalten:

>was sagst du denn zu diesem PewDewDings Typen? Idiot oder Nazi?

Rene: Ganz klar Idiot. Is aber nochmal komplizierter, der hat mit seinem Millionenpublikum auch ne Verantwortung. Einerseits. Andererseits: Antisemitische/Nazi-Jokes sind Common bei trollartigem Web-Humor, können wir uns hier aufn Kopp stellen, das is halt so weil es am aufmerksamkeitsfähigsten/triggerfähigsten ist. Is ähnlich wie die Episode hierzulande mit dem Typen bei dem Bahnstreik damals.

Klar sind die rude und auch Arschlöcher und man muss das kritisieren, aber die Headlines, die den jetzt in die rechte Ecke stellen sind Hitpieces, die genau demselben aufmerksamkeitsökonomischen Muster folgen (man könnte es quasi "Nazi-Bait" nennen in Anlehnung an das alte Clickbait und das etwas jüngere "Gender-Bait"). So ungefähr, geht noch komplexer wenn es um Zeichen und die Bedeutung von Zeichen und den Wandel der Bedeutung im Laufe der Zeit geht.

Sind einige interessante Sachen passiert diesbezüglich, sie die Milch-Episode oder auch „Wintrich standing behind the lectern in the White House press briefing room, displaying a hand signal associated with the racist “Pepe” meme““.

Ab da wird das ganze extrem komplex und da bin ich dann auch überfragt, weil mir die philosophische/semiotische/theoretische Grundlage fehlt. Aber deshalb hab ich mir auch circa 300 Bücher in den letzten 3 Monaten gekauft und lese die jetzt 😉

>Das war eine extrem ausführliche Antwort, Danke dafür. 😀 Aber okay, deine Darstellung macht das ja recht deutlich: medial verurteilen, aber eben auch nicht die ganz harte Nazikeule schwingen. Macht Sinn.

Ja, klar, man muss da im Prinzip bei jedem individuellen Fall genau hingucken… Auch wie bei Gamergate oder 4chan: ich kritisiere die auch, aber wenn man genau hinschaut, ergibt sich halt ein sehr viel differenzierteres Bild, das man eben auch laut aussprechen muss, einfach alle als "Nazis" zu beschimpfen treibt die nur in die Arme von Fickern wie Milo. Aber das kostet halt auch Zeit (siehe meinen Gamergate-Artikel damals) und die Klicks mit nem Hitpiece sind auch schnell verdientes Geld, grade bei 'ner bekannten Figur wie PewDiePie, das ist ebenfalls kein unwichtiger Faktor.

> Ja, eben. Aber es besteht natürlich die reale Gefahr, dass man die Arschlöcher damit normalisiert.

Ja, def, das macht die Sache dann halt superkompliziert…

Oder der Schwachsinn, den Dailydot vor ein paar Tagen zur Trash-Dove-Meme postete, auch hier wurde nachträglich die Headline geändert: A meme war is raging over the future of Trash Dove, auf Twitter betreiben sie ihr Nazi-Baiting mit Headlines wie diesen:

Das Problem mit solchen Headlines oder den Hitpieces, die (absolut kritikwürdige) Jokes eines Comedian aus dem Kontext reißen (PewDiePie nutzte Nazi-Pics oder antisemitische Witze häufig, um Medien oder Online-Mechanismen zu kritisieren. Ob ihm das gelungen ist oder welche Qualität das hatte [meines Erachtens nich so prall] ist dabei zweitrangig. Trash-Dove ist/war ein Pimmel-Joke aus Thailand.), ist, dass solche schlampige journalistische Arbeit den Rightwingern und den richtigen Nazis in die Hände spielt. Look at this:

Man könnte fast meinen, die Herren Journalisten vom WSJ wären auf ’nen Köder von tatsächlichen Nazis reingefallen, hier die Headline eines DailyStormer-Artikels vom Dezember:

However.

Felix Kjellberg (PewDiePie) macht es sich natürlich zu einfach mit seinem Statement. Mit seinen Drölfmillionen Subscribern hat der Junge eine Verantwortung und auch wenn die Jokes, so schlecht oder grenzüberschreitend sie gewesen sein mögen, aus dem Kontext gerissen wurden: Durch die Wiederholung von Nazi-Pics und entsprechender Jokes verschiebt Kjellberg den Gestus seiner Kunstfigur, so ein bisschen wie ein persönliches Overton-Window, und lädt damit mindestens Leute ein, die Nazismus oder Antisemitismus ambivalent gegenüber stehen. Und das ist ein Problem, grade in seiner Position als der erfolgreichste Youtuber.

Dazu lesenswert: Arwa Mahdawi im Guardian: PewDiePie thinks 'Death to all Jews' is a joke. Are you laughing yet?

The Daily Stormer is named for Der Stürmer, a Nazi tabloid newspaper that played an important role in spreading antisemitism among the German population. It used antisemitic caricatures and racist cartoons to dehumanize Jews and slowly spread antisemitism among its core readership of the young, poor and poorly educated. And it worked. In 1942, Hitler said: “One must never forget the services rendered by the Stürmer ... Now that Jews are known for what they are, nobody any longer thinks that Streicher [the editor of the paper] libelled them.”

Today, tabloids are dying out but we have memes and internet communities. And these have created their own digitally native ways to spread hate. Much of this started with 4Chan, a notorious internet message board, which spawned a racist trolling culture and basically wrote the rulebook for the way in which white supremacy is coded and spread online.

Hatred is camouflaged in absurd memes and an overblown rhetorical style, hidden in cartoon figures like the “alt-right” mascot Pepe the Frog. Nothing is serious; everything is a joke.

Hannah Arendt famously talked about the “banality of evil”. The idea that the cogs of capitalism help tyrants take control of people and turn evil into unthinking acts of bureaucracy: people aren’t murderers, they’re “just doing their job”.

You could say that today’s digital economy has spawned a new “bro-nality of evil”. Racist memes serve as in-jokes that help solidify bonds between alienated white men online. The style of these memes, their overblown exaggerated nature, means we often don’t take them seriously. Dismiss them as jokes. But this is how antisemitism creeps into our lives. Not with a bang but with a punchline.

Und die NewYorkTimes: YouTube’s Monster: PewDiePie and His Populist Revolt:

He initially rose to popularity within the video-gaming subculture, which, beginning with the “GamerGate” movement and continuing through the American presidential election, became surprisingly and darkly politicized. His core audience is young, and his sensibility clearly appeals to a masculine teenage impulse to shock and provoke. The YouTube platform plainly incentivizes such attention-grabbing behavior, right up until the point that it becomes a liability to its operators or their other partners — a familiar dilemma in the entertainment world, sure, but one that plays out quite differently on YouTube, which is considerably and deliberately less hands-on with its talent. It’s telling that YouTube’s biggest star portrayed the platform as distant and capricious. It’s alarming that following his performative hostility led him to where it did: attempting to rationalize the use of anti-Semitic speech under the guise of transgression.

Kjellberg had, either instinctively or intentionally, constructed a political identity as YouTube’s insider class-traitor, raging against a system that’s — trust him, but also he’s just joking, but he would know — totally rigged. Now he is sketching out what a far more toxic YouTube politics of ressentiment might look like, under the threadbare cover of ironic bigotry, the recent history of which is worryingly instructive. In the meantime, the self-identified real racists are laughing along heartily, even as Kjellberg strenuously attempts to distance himself from them. […]

YouTube’s reaction, and how it follows up, is the thing to watch. As, of course, is Kjellberg’s. His most recent video, posted after Maker Studios and Google made their announcements, was a lighthearted play-through of a gag video game called “Genital Jousting,” and did not reference the scandal. His commenters, on the other hand, did, asking almost uniformly that he not apologize for anything.

The full character of the burgeoning politics of platforms remains to be seen. But right-wing movements have found early traction and see opportunity. Even as farce, Kjellberg’s performance has been illustrative, and a small number of eager observers say they hope that, as backlash mounts, it will be galvanizing. “If Pewdiepie wasn’t #AltRight before,” Vox Day, a former video-game designer and an alt-right leader posted on Gab.ai, a private, Twitterlike service popular with the movement, “he is now.”

Zu all diesem Chaos um Symbole und ihrer Bedeutung und Sprache gibt es ein sehr schönes Zitat von Orwell in seinem berühmten Essay „Politics and the english Language“, das sollten sich alle Beteiligten durchlesen, vor allem Trolle und PewDiePie: „One need not swallow such absurdities as this, but one ought to recognise that the present political chaos is connected with the decay of language, and that one can probably bring about some improvement by starting at the verbal end.“

In that sense, I highly recommend the next one:


Baltimore Art: The Aesthetics of the Alt-Right:

Indexing these movements across a two axis chart (fig. a) is productive for the intents and purposes of this paper; however, what is most interesting to observe is instances in which these communities convene in internet “public spaces” (which are not public at all), most notably reddit and 4chan. Their creative propagandic images are disseminated throughout social media and oftentimes matriculate all the way up to the Twitter accounts of political leaders, activists, entertainers, and of course, into our national consciousness. As I will refer to this chart throughout this essay, I would like to clarify its organizational logic. Groups, terms, and individuals are plotted according to their variations on the central tenets of the alt-right’s ideological disposition, namely in regards to Nationalism and Faith.

Nationalism in general is a defining characteristic of the alt-right; however, within the nationalist ideology there are degrees of variation, particularly in regard to the status of Jewish people and Israel. Representatives from groups that more closely embody economic nationalism can still be considered mainstream figures since their rhetoric skirts around social issues such as race and religion. On the opposite side, the groups share a nationalist ideology, but the rhetoric takes on a distinctly racialized, often anti-Semitic, tone—a stark contrast to the staunchly pro-Israel economic nationalist groups epitomized in the Trump Administration itself.

Towards the bottom of the chart, the religio-philosophical underpinnings of the alt-right contrast. On the left side of the chart are the individuals and movements that place their faith in inegalitarian readings of traditionally recognized religion. Perhaps echoing Julius Evola’s spiritual racism, various communities re-read Christian mysticism, Zen Buddhism, and Hindu polytheism, ultimately and bewilderingly drawing White Supremacist conclusions. On the bottom-right, we see a more technocratic, hypercapitalist neo-fascism that places its faith in markets, accelerated capitalism, and “empirical” science to reveal the truly inegalitarian hierarchy key of racial classification. In a sense, there is a loose historical allegory to be found here: the spiritual quadrant of the alt-right finds coherence in Julius Evola’s spiritual justification for fascism (a concept that was quite appealing to Mussolini), while the techno-determinist quadrant draws influence from Nazist racism, which uses a biological justification. Thus, opposite axes should not be understood as antithetical; the axes are constitutive and relational, accounting for variations in nationalism and faith.

In dem Kontext ebenfalls sehr interessant, PBS-Ideas Feedback-Video zu ihrem Clip Pepe: Rare, Racist or Both?:


And this one too: Dale Beran: 4chan: The Skeleton Key to the Rise of Trump

To younger generations who never had such jobs, who had only the mythology of such jobs (rather a whimsical snapshot of the 1950s frozen in time by America’s ideology) this part of the narrative is clear. America, and perhaps existence itself is a cascade of empty promises and advertisements — that is to say, fantasy worlds, expectations that will never be realized “IRL”, but perhaps consumed briefly in small snatches of commodified pleasure.

Thus these Trump supporters hold a different sort of ideology, not one of “when will my horse come in”, but a trolling self-effacing, “I know my horse will never come in”. That is to say, younger Trump supporters know they are handing their money to someone who will never place their bets — only his own — because, after all, it’s plain as day there was never any other option.

In this sense, Trump’s incompetent, variable, and ridiculous behavior is the central pillar upon which his younger support rests.

Such an idea — one of utter contemptuous despair — is embodied in one image more than any other, one storied personage who has become a(n) hero to millions, the voice of a generation.
I am speaking, of course, of Pepe the Frog. […]

Trump is 4chan.
Trump is steering into the skid embodied.
Trump is Pepe.
Trump is loserdom embraced.
Trump is the loser who has won, the pathetic little frog on the big strong body.

Trump’s ventures of course, represent this fantasy: this hope that the working man, against the odds dictated by his knowledge, experience, or hard work will one day strike it rich — Trump University, late night real estate schemes, the casinos. Trump himself, who inherited his wealth, represents the classic lucky sap.

But Trump also equally represents the knowledge that all of that is a lie, a scam that’s much older than you are, a fantasy that we can dwell in though it will never become true, like a video game.
Trump, in other words, is a way of owning and celebrating being taken advantage of.


Jäger und Sammler: Oh mein Bot – gefährden Social Bots die Demokratie?

Joshua Browder (Do Not Pay) über gute Bots!


spOnline: Facebook, Fake News und die Medien – Aufklärer verzweifelt gesucht (Hervorhebung von mir): „Deutsche Medien sollen für Facebook Falschmeldungen richtigstellen. Doch viele Redaktionen haben dem Konzern abgesagt. Nach SPIEGEL-Informationen soll jetzt 'Focus Online' Lügen ermitteln.“ AHAHAHAHAAHAHAHAHAHAAAAA!!!1!ELF!

NYTimes: An Eminent Psychiatrist Demurs on Trump’s Mental State: „Most amateur diagnosticians have mislabeled President Trump with the diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder. I wrote the criteria that define this disorder, and Mr. Trump doesn’t meet them. He may be a world-class narcissist, but this doesn’t make him mentally ill, because he does not suffer from the distress and impairment required to diagnose mental disorder.“

The Economist: Why the press should call out politicians when they lie – And why lying isn’t the same as talking nonsense:

Certain verbs, “factive” ones, can be used only when the information that follows is true. You can’t say, “He admitted that the moon was made of styrofoam” or “She learned that the UN was poisoning the water supply” unless you are aiming for a comic or jarring effect. “Admit”, “learn” and other words like them presuppose the truth of the following clause.

“Lie” is special, a special kind of “anti-factive” verb. Not only must the information in question be false, but the user of the verb “to lie” must know—or have very good reason to believe—that the speaker knows it to be false. If Mr Trump really does have a pathological need to believe fantastic things about his greatness, he may very well think that he must have beaten Hillary Clinton in the popular vote, and that the only reason he didn’t was down to the millions of illegal votes.

Nieman Lab: “A threat to society”: Why a German investigative nonprofit signed on to help monitor hoaxes on Facebook: „'This ‘news’ is there to influence the political process in Germany, and we think it’s very important to put them straight,' he said, adding that he sees parallels with the 'fake news' eruption in the U.S. (or at least the eruption of reporting and commentary on it) across Europe. 'In Germany, we also face that problem where people or organizations have been using social media, with very deliberate methods, to disrupt discussions in our society. They are trying to get into our peer-to-peer discussions and interrupt and disturb them, so that the discussion itself becomes impossible, because people are spreading hate and false information. This is a threat to our society.'“


Guardian: Donald Trump denies White House in chaos at extraordinary press conference: „President turns fire on media in erratic display as his labor secretary pulls out and replacement for disgraced national security adviser turns the job down“.

„Shep Smith, Fox News, on Trump and his claims during his press conference today“:

New York Times: Full Transcript and Video: Trump News Conference.

Yup: Business Insider: It doesn't matter that Trump's base liked his press conference.

As media Twitter had a field day with how unhinged President Donald Trump seemed in Thursday's press conference, there was the usual response from the Real America Whisperers that "his base eats this up" and that, to a lot of people, Trump looked like he was winning by dressing down the media.

All of this is beside the point.

Like any president, Trump has a large base of people who will always like him, and a large base of people who will always hate him. In Trump's case, the latter group may be larger than normal. But neither of these is the group that will decide his fate.

Trump's presidency lies in the hands of the Trump-curious: the approximately 15% of Americans who dislike him but tell pollsters they think he might do a good job. A lot of these are people who voted for Trump despite having an unfavorable view of him.

With these voters on his side, Trump can wield a fearsome coalition that would help him retain Congress in two years and persuade Republicans and Democrats in Congress to bend to his agenda in the meantime. Without them, he is unpopular and ridiculous.


The Problem here is it's top down approach. Otherwise: Aesthetics (and Language) is a good starting point, so yup: Guardian: Think different: can advertising defeat ‘alt-right’ propaganda?: „The UK government has enlisted M&C Saatchi to help in the fight against rightwing extremism. But can the weapons the ad firm used to win elections for the Tories be adapted to beat racist lies?“

Guardian: Mark Zuckerberg pens major Facebook manifesto on how to burst the bubble:

Mark Zuckerberg has written a long-winded riposte to criticisms of Facebook and growing anti-globalization sentiment.

The 6,500-word manifesto, posted to his Facebook page, outlines the challenges faced by the world and the measures that Facebook can take to address them. From climate change and pandemics to terrorism and inequality, Zuckerberg has a plan – albeit a vague one – for building what he considers a better future. […]

Throughout the entire letter, Zuckerberg avoided making reference to the divisive policies of Donald Trump and Brexit, instead making vague references to building community and decreasing polarization. […]

the social network has been used to live stream suicides and document torture and bullying. He argues that in the future Facebook will be able to use artificial intelligence to detect such content to flag to moderators before a user reports the content. […]

He dedicated 1,000 words to talking about the spread of information on Facebook, including so-called “fake news” and sensational click-baity headlines, all of which – when amplified by Facebook’s algorithms – are leading to increased polarization.

“If this continues and we lose common understanding then even if we eliminated all misinformation, people would just emphasize different sets of facts to fit their polarized opinions. That’s why I’m so worried about sensationalism in media.”

Personally, I believe that movies such as I, Daniel Blake (it's superb, watch it!) have done more for the left than any debate in the past years. Guardian: I, Daniel Blake is a realistic depiction of life on benefits. Isn’t it?: „Accusations that the film is inaccurate are part of the ongoing attempt to dismiss what is being done to vulnerable people in Britain’s toxic social security system.“

From the moment I, Daniel Blake first opened, rightwing critics questioned whether the cruel and incompetent benefit system endured by Loach’s protagonist “rang true”. But it would be to miss the point of any of this to think that disputes over the film’s accuracy have ever been about the film itself. Rather, it is part of the ongoing attempt to dismiss what is being done to those put through the social security system – and the culture that says that, because they are on benefits, anyone who is unemployed, disabled or has mental health problems is naturally a shirker and a liar.


TAZ: Serie zur Alt-Right-Bewegung (1/3) „Hauptsache, Trump gewinnt“:

Ein ­alter Mann mit wirren Haaren sitzt vor einem Monitor, im Radio laufen die Nachrichten: Donald Trump, heißt es, hat es bei CNN abgelehnt, sich von der Unterstützung durch den Ku-Klux-Klan (KKK) zu distanzieren.

Der alte Mann grinst, wendet sich zu mir und zeigt auf den Monitor: 2,3 Millionen Menschen sehen sich regelmäßig seine Tweets an. Ich versuche, unbeeindruckt zu bleiben und weiter zu machen mit meinem Interview, das von den Nachrichten unterbrochen wurde.

„Der Ku-Klux-Klan war also keine rassistische Organisation?“ – „Nein“, sagt der alte Mann. „Als ich ein kleiner Junge war, da habe ich wirkliche Rassisten kennengelernt: die jüdischen Extremisten und ihre Übernahme der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika – und die einzige Organisation, die sich dem öffentlich entgegenstellte, war der Ku-Klux-Klan.“

Der Name des alten Mannes ist David Duke, ehemals Grand Wizard des KKK, die höchste Position, die man im Klan erreichen kann; dazu zweimal Kandidat für das Präsidentenamt und jeweils Zweitplatzierter für die Ämter des Senators (1990) und des Gouverneurs (1991) für den Bundesstaat Louisiana.

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Arsch --> Eimer. (Kontext) (Danke Stefan!)

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