Links: Renaissance Map of Monsters, Creepypasta, Literature-Algorithm and the most accurate Psychopath

11.01.2014 Misc #Linkdump

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Hier die Links, die in der letzten Woche liegengeblieben sind, unter anderem mit Typo aus den 90ern, ein paar schicken Podcasts über Innovation, einer interaktiven Karte voller Seemonster, Creepypasta, 'nem Algorithmus, der populäre Bücher vorhersagt, Artikeln über John Waters und den besten Filmpsychos, ein paar Postings über Clickbait und den Toy-Wurzeln von Dungeons & Dragons. Das und mehr nach dem Klick:

Shortfilms

The Jump
 Vimeo Direktjump

The Elephant's Garden
 Youtube Direktgarden

Tale of Rebellious Stone
 Youtube Direktstone

Design

Letterology: Toys for Teaching Design

The Rise And Fall Of Grunge Typography - The Awl: Think back to the 90s. To Nirvana, Linklater's Slacker, and the flannel-clad rebels on the run from the 80s. To skateboards and graffiti and toe rings and VHS tapes. Things were messy then. And type design was messy, too.

Tech

Bitcoin-Mining Chips, Gear, Computing Groups: Competition Heats Up - Businessweek: Flickinger, 37, a software engineer and IT consultant by trade, doesn't leave the house much these days. He's a full-time Bitcoin miner.

Technologie - Wie kommt das Neue in die Welt?: dradio.de: "Könnte es nicht sein, dass ausgerechnet der Ursprung des Innovativen sich in völlig unberechenbaren Kategorien wie Unfall, Katastrophen und Zufall abspielt - so wie es beispielsweise das Denken Paul Virilios, Harald Welzer, oder Byung-Chul Han nahelegt? Das würde bedeuten: Die Moderne basiert darauf, eben nicht alles im Griff zu haben. In zwei aufeinanderfolgenden Sendungen der kurzen Serie "Wie kommt das Neue in die Welt?" wird ein Versuch der Würdigung dieses Ansatzes unternommen."

The Command Line Crash Course

Power and Money

Why did the AK-47 become so popular?: The cultural impact of the AK is felt all over the world. Quentin Tarantino’s villains celebrate its appropriateness for “when you've absolutely, positively got to kill every [enemy combatant] in the room”. Mexican outlaws boast about their cuernos de chivo, or “goat horns”, the nickname given to the rifle because of its curved magazine. In some parts of Africa, where the gun is seen as a symbol of the ousting of colonial rulers, Kalash is a popular name for boys. Mozambique displays the gun on its flag. In Lebanon, a model nicknamed the “Bin Laden” sells for twice the price of the standard AK-47, because it is the type that al-Qaeda’s former boss was seen toting in some of his videos.

With Great Computing Power Comes Great Surveillance - Bill Davidow - The Atlantic: In the past, surveillance was labor intensive. Twice as much surveillance required twice as many people and cost twice as much. But when surveillance became automated, its cost declined exponentially. To understand the economics of surveillance, it is worth looking more closely at Moore's Law.

Culture

Olaus Magnus– Carta Marina: Sea monsters on a gorgeous Renaissance map.: An interactive Renaissance map filled with strange and wonderful monsters.

Griddlers.net - Logic puzzles: Griddlers.net is a logic puzzle site, a place of continuous enjoyment with thousands of puzzles like Griddlers (Nonogram, Picross), Triddlers, Sudoku, Kakuro, Wordsearch and more to solve online or offline.

Creepypasta is how the internet learns our fears – WIll Wiles – Aeon: I had unwittingly stumbled into the world of 'creepypasta', a widely distributed and leaderless effort to make and share scary stories; in effect, a folk literature of the web. '[S]ometimes,' wrote the American author H P Lovecraft in his essay 'Supernatural Horror in Literature' (1927), 'a curious streak of fancy invades an obscure corner of the very hardest head, so that no amount of rationalisation, reform, or Freudian analysis can quite annul the thrill of the chimney-corner whisper or the lonely wood.' These days, instead of the campfire, we are gathered around the flickering light of our computer monitors, and such is the internet's hunger for creepy stories that the stock of 'authentic' urban legends was exhausted long ago; now they must be manufactured, in bulk. The uncanny has been crowdsourced.

Computer Algorithm Seeks To Crack Code Of Fiction Bestsellers | Inside Science: They took the first 1,000 sentences of 4,129 books of poetry and 1,117 short stories and then analyzed them for various factors. They looked at parts of speech, use of grammar rules, the use of phrases, and "distribution of sentiment" – a way of measuring the use of words. They found that successful books made great use of conjunctions to join sentences ("and" or "but") and prepositions than less successful books. They also found a high percentage of nouns and adjectives in the successful books; less successful books relied on more verbs and adverbs to describe what was happening. More successful books relied on verbs describing thought processes rather than actions and emotions. The results varied by genre, but books that are less successful, the researchers reported, used words like "wanted," "took" or "promised." Successful authors employed "recognized" or "remembered."

Movies

The most accurate psychopaths in cinema – Mind Hacks: Another realistic interesting example is Henry (inspired from [real life serial killer] Henry Lee Lucas) (Henry-Portrait of a Serial Killer, 1991). In this film, the main, interesting theme is the chaos and instability in the life of the psychopath, Henry's lack of insight, a powerful lack of empathy, emotional poverty, and a well-illustrated failure to plan ahead.

John Waters - WSJ.com: When I was young there were beatniks. Hippies. Punks. Gangsters. Now you're a hacktivist. Which I would probably be if I was 20. Shuttin' down MasterCard. But there's no look to that lifestyle! Besides just wearing a bad outfit with bad posture. Has WikiLeaks caused a look? No! I'm mad about that. If your kid comes out of the bedroom and says he just shut down the government, it seems to me he should at least have an outfit for that. Get a look! I'm not judging what they do; I hope they don't shut me down.

Games

Tony DiTerlizzi, Never Abandon Imagination – Owlbears, Rust Monsters and Bulettes, Oh My!: You see, during that time that I was playing with these "Prehistoric Animals", somebody else was playing with them too – a fellow named Gary Gygax. Gary was using them for a game he was developing called Dungeons & Dragons and his book, the Monster Manual, contained pen & ink renditions of these creatures within its pages.

WDR Feature: Pacmans Enkel (MP3): Computer, Konsolen, Smartphones – mit Spielen für elektronische Geräte wird mittlerweile mehr Geld verdient als mit Musik oder Filmen. Die Branche ist relativ jung, sie boomt – und sie verändert sich rasant.

Clickbait

The Year We Broke the Internet - Esquire: this was the year someone isolated the DNA of the viral story, and the world – hearts full of wonder, hope, and maybe a little fear – saw for the first time the awesome potential of viral content. Earlier this month, NewsWhip posted statistics about the most frequently shared sites online. Among the more revealing graphs was one tabulating Facebook shares per article by domain. The leader, Upworthy, had about seventy-five thousand likes per article, twelve times more than fourth-place BuzzFeed. Among them were posts like the one whose headline misleadingly claimed doctors were injecting HIV into a dying girl to treat her cancer.

The Year in Internet: The Rise of the Hoax Economy - Grantland: What these hoaxes say about our culture is too complicated to be fully understood yet. It's not just liars and half-cats: This is about capitalism, and ambition, and keyboards mightier than swords. Our approach to the digital world, contained within the physical one (still separate but, in many ways, no less important or influential), has been cleaved in two. Some of us game it, identifying its possibilities and how we can manipulate it into serving us under false pretenses; others stiffly obey its rules (still paranoid its quirky logic will lead to our being publicly maligned, somehow) and serve as an audience for the ones who understand how easily we're tricked. There is always a storyteller and a listener, each with a role we haven't quite figured out how to occupy. To ignore heart-wrenching stories is to be callous, but to indulge them (we now know) is often foolish: They're just too easy to fake.

The Internet Hoaxes That Had Us All Clicking For More : NPR: From fake tweets to feigned poverty, the Internet was ablaze with hoaxes in 2013. Tess Lynch reported on the "rise of the hoax economy" for Grantland, calling out the biggest dupes of the year. Lying isn't new, but the nature of the lies is changing, Lynch writes: "Our focus has shifted from the amusing to the emotional."