Heute vor fünfzig Jahren schrieb Martin Luther King Jr. mit seiner „I Have a Dream“-Rede Geschichte, einem Meilenstein in der Geschichte der Bürgerrechtsbewegung. Ich bin ein ganzes Stück zu spät geboren und kenne die Rede vor allem als Sample aus irgendwelchen Techno-Tracks von 1990, habe mir erst sehr viel später ein paar Bits über die Geschichte des Zivil Rights Movement in den USA angelesen.
Das absurdeste Stück daran ist, dass Aufzeichnungen der öffentlich gehaltenen Rede bis heute urheberrechtlich geschützt ist, und Kopien davon regelmäßig gelöscht werden. Hier eine Version auf Youtube. Hervorragende Idee daher von Michael David Murphy: I have Applause, ein Supercut des Applauses während der Rede, ohne den Dream selbst:
I Have Applause is a supercut of Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington, August 28th, 1963.
On the 50th anniversary, this transformed video is a re-imagining of that afternoon, and a consideration of where we'd be without the chance to read, listen to, watch, and freely share MLK's speech.
Remember Rosa Parks? Schoolchildren are taught that Rosa Parks was the quiet, bespectacled black woman who sparked the civil rights movement when she spontaneously decided one day that she was not going to move to the back of a segregated bus. It's a good story but bad history.
Parks had been carefully chosen for that moment. The woman who looked so docile in the historical photographs was actually a tough, seasoned civil rights activist who had been with the NAACP for 12 years and had attended an elite training school for civil rights and labor activists. Parks was just one in a line of several black women chosen to stage "spontaneous" sit-ins on segregated buses, says Parker J. Palmer, author of "Healing the Heart of Democracy."
"Six or seven black women had done what Parks had done before and had simply been ticketed or arrested and certainly did not make history," Palmer says. "I can guarantee you when Parks sat down on that bus where she ought not to, she had no guarantee that this was going to work out. In that moment, she felt very alone." Parks attracted attention because her arrest could not be ignored, historians say. The other women arrested were unmarried or single mothers who could be caricatured by segregationists as women of ill repute. Parks was a married seamstress who was respected in her community. "She could not be thrown in jail and forgotten and there would be no publicity," says Jerald Podair, a history professor at Lawrence University in Wisconsin. "She had been preparing for that moment her entire life."