Detailed Analysis of ACTA

Ich hab' mich ja diese Woche ein bisschen geärgert, über einen YT-Clip über ACTA nämlich, den ich hier bewusst nicht gezeigt habe und der – deutlich formuliert – alarmistischer, desinformierender Dreck ist. Die bekannte Robocop-„Info“grafik ist übrigens sachlich ebenso falsch, hat aber immerhin einen Ed209. Ja, ACTA ist problematisch, aber weit weniger dramatisch, als es von ein paar Leuten dargestellt wird. Und ja, ich habe den Text des Handelsabkommens tatsächlich gelesen.

Die beste Analyse hat Reddit-User justicia311 vor ein paar Tagen gepostet: I've read the final version of ACTA, here's what you need to know about it. Ebenfalls lesen sollte man das Posting auf Ars Technica, die mit ein paar der Falschinformationen aufräumen.

Claim: "ACTA gives [ISPs] the power—or more accurately forces them—to monitor all your packets, all the time."

Reality: This is the most-repeated claim, and it's simply inaccurate. Nothing in the treaty appears to require ISPs to monitor their customers' traffic. While earlier versions of the treaty had proposed French-style "three strikes" measures, these proposals were dropped from the final version of the treaty. The closest ACTA comes to mandating ISP surveillance is section 27.3, which requires participating nations to "promote cooperative efforts within the business community to effectively address trademark and copyright or related rights infringement while preserving legitimate competition and, consistent with that Party's law, preserving fundamental principles such as freedom of expression, fair process, and privacy."

Forcing ISPs to actively monitoring their customers' traffic might be one way to comply with this requirement. Implementing a "three strikes" regime might be another. But there are also innocuous ways a country could comply, like holding conferences on copyright enforcement, sending literature to businesses encouraging them to respect copyright, and setting up an anonymous tipline for suspected copyright or trademark infringement.

As Anonymous protests, Internet drowns in inaccurate anti-ACTA arguments