Sehr schöner Artikel beim New Scientist über das Universum, den Urknall und das Nichts mit so wundervollen Sätzen wie diesem hier: „nothingness is the highest entropy state around - you can shuffle it around all you want and it still looks like nothing.“ Großartig!
nothingness is the highest entropy state around - you can shuffle it around all you want and it still looks like nothing.
Given this law, it is hard to see how nothing could ever be turned into something, let alone something as big as a universe. But entropy is only part of the story. The other consideration is symmetry - a quality that appears to exert profound influence on the physical universe wherever it crops up. Nothingness is very symmetrical indeed. "There's no telling one part from another, so it has total symmetry," says physicist Frank Wilczek of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
And as physicists have learned over the past few decades, symmetries are made to be broken. Wilczek's own speciality is quantum chromodynamics, the theory that describes how quarks behave deep within atomic nuclei. It tells us that nothingness is a precarious state of affairs. "You can form a state that has no quarks and antiquarks in it, and it's totally unstable," says Wilczek. "It spontaneously starts producing quark-antiquark pairs." The perfect symmetry of nothingness is broken. That leads to an unexpected conclusion, says Victor Stenger, a physicist at the University of Colorado in Boulder: despite entropy, "something is the more natural state than nothing".