Fuck You is not a Verb

Gepostet vor 6 Jahren, 18 Tagen in #Misc #Fuck #Language

Share: Twitter Facebook Mail

Eine Arbeit von James D. McCawley unter dem Pseudonym Quang Phuc Dong vom South Hanoi Institute of Technology über „English Sentences Without Overt Grammatical Subjects“. McCawley „created the interdisciplinary field of pornolinguistics and scatolinguistics virtually on his own“. Seinen Doktor machte McCawley übrigens unter Noam Chomsky.

there are sentences containing the word fuck which are ambiguous between a meaning parallel to [sentences that have no overt grammatical subject] and a meaning parallel to [Fuck You]: (25) Fuck Lyndon Johnson. This sentence can be interpreted either as an admonition to copulate with Lyndon Johnson or as an epithet indicating disapproval of that individual but conveying no instruction to engage in sexual relations with him. When sentences with the embeddings and adjuncts of (4) to (11) and (20) are formed, the resulting sentences allow only the former of these readings:

(12a) I said to fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(13a) Don’t fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(14a) Do fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(15a) Please fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(16a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson, won’t you?
(17a) Go fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(18a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson or I’ll take away your teddy-bear.
(19a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson and I’ll give you a dollar.
(20a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson and wash the dishes.

Consideration of these examples makes it fairly clear that the fuck of (12a)-(20a) (henceforth fuck1) and the fuck of [Fuck You] (henceforth fuck2) are two distinct homophonous lexical items. These two lexical items have totally different selectional restrictions, as is shown by the examples:

(26) Fuck these irregular verbs.
(27) *John fucked these irregular verbs.
(28) Fuck communism.
(29) *John fucked communism.

Moreover, fuck2 has a peculiar restriction on the determiner of the following noun phrase, a restriction not shared by fuck1, namely that the determiner must be either definite or generic ...

(30) Fuck these seven irregular verbs.
(31) Fuck irregular verbs.
(32) Fuck all irregular verbs.
(33) *Fuck seven irregular verbs.
(34) *Fuck any irregular verb.

... but,

(35) Fuck seven old ladies by midnight or I’ll take away your teddy-bear.
(36) Fuck any old lady you see.

(The latter two involving fuck1). It should be noted that the word “generic” must be interpreted in a sense such that all is generic (cf. example (32)) but each is not: (37) *Fuck each irregular verb.

Indeed, substitution into the frame “Fuck____irregular verb(s)” is an excellent diagnostic test for genericness. As example (35) makes clear, the two fucks also differ in their potential for co-occurring with adverbial elements; while (35) is normal, (38) *Fuck you by midnight. is not.

English Sentences Without Overt Grammatical Subjects (via Futility Closet)

Gun-Emoji Pairings 🔫😶

Interesting analysis of the Gun-Emoji-Pairings: „What does the Gun shoot at?“ and „Who pulls the Trigger?“

The Power of Language

„In this reel, we explore the incredible power of language—written, spoken and performed. First, meet the creator of Game of…

Anthony Burgess lost Dictionary of Slang discovered

Die International Anthony Burgess Foundation in Manchester hat neulich das verlorene Slang-Wörterbuch von Anthony Burgess im Keller gefunden („at the…

Neural Network Genesis Alpha

Douglas Summers hat das erste Buch Genesis der Bibel mit Neural Network Voodoo in Worte übersetzt, die allesamt mit dem…

Podcasts: Sid Vicious, Baudrillards Simulacra, das Wörterbuch der Unruhe und das Märchen vom unglaublichen Super-Kim aus Pjöngjang

Jede Menge Podcasts und Hörspiele, die ich in den letzten Wochen gehört habe, unter anderem ein Hörspiel um einen mutierenden…

Urban Dictionary Anagrams, ranked

Sean Carney hat die Anagramme aus dem Urban Dictionary ermittelt und mit einem Algorithmus sortiert: How to Find Anagrams on…

Social Media based Substance Use Detection

Shit, they got me. (I think they follow me on Twitter, too. Damn. [Not really.]) Table 6 is hilarious: In…

15000yrs old ultraconserved Words from the Stone-Age found in present Languages

[update] Der verlinkte Artikel ist vier Jahre (hatte ich nicht gesehen), hier eine ausführliche Kritik im Languagelog: „The authors intend…

Do not pet a Snip Snap Doggo

I find this funnier than I should: this is the only video i need pic.twitter.com/uxN7AIc2X2 — Dank Memes 💎💎💎 (@FreeMemesKids)…

Kids & Explosions - Swear Words

„Inspired by GIF, this video clip is about the clichés of american antagonisms: Christian thought, homeland love and excesses of…

Rogue Apostrophe Vigilante

Wie die Graffiti Grammar Police aus Ecuador, nur mit Deppen-Apostroph in Bristol. (via Martin)