Fuck You is not a Verb

Gepostet vor 5 Jahren, 11 Monaten in #Misc #Fuck #Language

Share: Twitter Facebook Mail

Eine Arbeit von James D. McCawley unter dem Pseudonym Quang Phuc Dong vom South Hanoi Institute of Technology über „English Sentences Without Overt Grammatical Subjects“. McCawley „created the interdisciplinary field of pornolinguistics and scatolinguistics virtually on his own“. Seinen Doktor machte McCawley übrigens unter Noam Chomsky.

there are sentences containing the word fuck which are ambiguous between a meaning parallel to [sentences that have no overt grammatical subject] and a meaning parallel to [Fuck You]: (25) Fuck Lyndon Johnson. This sentence can be interpreted either as an admonition to copulate with Lyndon Johnson or as an epithet indicating disapproval of that individual but conveying no instruction to engage in sexual relations with him. When sentences with the embeddings and adjuncts of (4) to (11) and (20) are formed, the resulting sentences allow only the former of these readings:

(12a) I said to fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(13a) Don’t fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(14a) Do fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(15a) Please fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(16a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson, won’t you?
(17a) Go fuck Lyndon Johnson.
(18a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson or I’ll take away your teddy-bear.
(19a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson and I’ll give you a dollar.
(20a) Fuck Lyndon Johnson and wash the dishes.

Consideration of these examples makes it fairly clear that the fuck of (12a)-(20a) (henceforth fuck1) and the fuck of [Fuck You] (henceforth fuck2) are two distinct homophonous lexical items. These two lexical items have totally different selectional restrictions, as is shown by the examples:

(26) Fuck these irregular verbs.
(27) *John fucked these irregular verbs.
(28) Fuck communism.
(29) *John fucked communism.

Moreover, fuck2 has a peculiar restriction on the determiner of the following noun phrase, a restriction not shared by fuck1, namely that the determiner must be either definite or generic ...

(30) Fuck these seven irregular verbs.
(31) Fuck irregular verbs.
(32) Fuck all irregular verbs.
(33) *Fuck seven irregular verbs.
(34) *Fuck any irregular verb.

... but,

(35) Fuck seven old ladies by midnight or I’ll take away your teddy-bear.
(36) Fuck any old lady you see.

(The latter two involving fuck1). It should be noted that the word “generic” must be interpreted in a sense such that all is generic (cf. example (32)) but each is not: (37) *Fuck each irregular verb.

Indeed, substitution into the frame “Fuck____irregular verb(s)” is an excellent diagnostic test for genericness. As example (35) makes clear, the two fucks also differ in their potential for co-occurring with adverbial elements; while (35) is normal, (38) *Fuck you by midnight. is not.

English Sentences Without Overt Grammatical Subjects (via Futility Closet)

Rogue Apostrophe Vigilante

Wie die Graffiti Grammar Police aus Ecuador, nur mit Deppen-Apostroph in Bristol. (via Martin)

The best Anagramm

Mark Dominus hat das beste Anagramm der englischen Sprache ausgerechnet. Dazu hat er die komplette Liste der Anagramme (der englischen…

RechtsLinks 17.2.2017: Fuckopoulos at Maher, PewDiePie is a racist SuperNazi from hell, Trump is 4chan

Pic: Lie Lie Land von Bambi First things first: Milo Fuckopoulos ist heute abend bei Bill Maher: „Yiannopoulos will be…

Where Slang Comes From

Schönes Posting von Matt Daniels über 2016er Slang: Where Slang Comes From – Emerging slang, identified by searches for words’…

RechtsLinks 12.2.2017: Seeßlen über die Sprache der Rechten und eine Tour der pro-authoritaristischen Neo-Reaktion

The Atlantic: Behind the Internet's Anti-Democracy Movement – White House chief strategist Steve Bannon is reportedly a reader of neoreactionary…

Semiotics of Pepe

PBS Idea Channel über die Semiotik von Pepe: „Feels several different ways, man“. Bücher-Wiki über die im Clip angesprochene Polysemie:…

21 Things that Trump says make a „Bing“-Sound

Bing! 21 things that President Trump says make a "bing" sound pic.twitter.com/7e1Smlwoai — VICE News (@vicenews) February 7, 2017

Why Germans Can Say Things No One Else Can

School of Life: „Backpfeifengesicht, a face that's begging to be slapped. Generosity towards others is key, but German is bracing…

RechtsLinks 19.1.2017: Die völkische Umkopfung der AfD, Big Data im Wahlkampf und eine Fake-News-Studie

Sascha Lobo auf spOnline: Björn Höcke in Dresden – Schauen Sie diese Rede!: „Ein Gedankenexperiment: Wenn sich einhundert Menschen versammeln,…

Graffiti Grammar Police

Punctuation Vigilantes for the rescue: „Their names? Agent X and Agent Full Stop. Their mission? To fix illegible and grammatically…

How Louis CK tells a Joke

Neuer Clip von Evan „Nerdwriter“ Puschak (Patreon) über Sprache und Rythmus von Louis CK.